The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) provides a forum for scholars, researchers, and practitioners to examine the changing relationships between learning and media across a wide range of forms and settings. Our focus is particularly, but by no means exclusively, on young people, and we understand learning in broad terms to include informal and everyday contexts as well as institutions such as schools. We are especially interested in the broader social and cultural dimensions of these issues and in new and emerging media technologies, forms, and practices. We are particularly keen to promote international and intercultural exchange and dialogue in the field and encourage contributions from a variety of academic disciplines and perspectives, including papers from practitioners and policy-makers. Through scholarly articles, editorials, case studies, and an active online network, IJLM seeks to provide a premier forum for emerging interdisciplinary research and debate and to help shape the development of the field around the world. We publish contributions that address the theoretical, textual, historical, and sociological dimensions of media and learning, as well as the practical and political issues at stake. While retaining the peer review process of a traditional academic journal, we also provide opportunities for more topical and polemical writing, for visual and multimedia presentations, and for online dialogues…
The public domain, as we understand it, is the wealth of information that is free from the barriers to access or reuse usually associated with copyright protection, either because it is free from any copyright protection or because the right holders have decided to remove these barriers. It is the raw material from which new knowledge is derived and new cultural works are created.
After decades of measures that have drastically reduced the public domain, typically by extending the terms of protection, it is time to strongly reaffirm how much our societies and economies rely on a vibrant and ever expanding public domain. The role of the public domain, in fact, already crucial in the past, it is even more important today, as the Internet and digital technologies enable us to access, use and re-distribute culture with an ease and a power unforeseeable even just a generation ago. The Public Domain Manifesto aims at reminding citizens and policy-makers of a common wealth that, since it belongs to all, it is often defended by no-one. In a time where we for the first time in history have the tools to enable direct access to most of our shared culture and knowledge it is important that policy makers and citizens strengthen the legal concept that enables free and unrestricted access and reuse.
This interactive map shows information on enforcement actions and cases from 2009. They include civil enforcement actions taken at facilities, criminal cases prosecuted under federal statutes and the U.S. Criminal Code, and cases in which EPA provided significant support to cases prosecuted under state criminal laws…
“The last decade has been witness to the rise of the geeks. What began as a glorification of tech entrepreneurs making it big from the rise of the IT industry, has now permeated every aspect of society. Single-minded obsession with obscure endeavors, hyper-specialization, and technical nerdery of all sorts are glorified across the board. But is such geekery really a good way to foster talent? The most pressing problems in science and technology, and more broadly in business and the economy, don’t lend themselves readily to specialists’ solutions. They require not just inter-discipinary teamwork to make progress, but transdisciplinary thinking - literally, we need people that can have converstaions between disciplinary appraoches to problems inside their own head. In fact, you could argue that most of the gridlock around big problems like global warming, health care, and so on, stem from the inability of narrow specialist and interest groups to speak each others’ language, translate heuristics and integrate complex concepts and data. They’re too specialized, having become more and more isolated in focused communities, thanks to the web. Let’s take a classic example of a geek to unpack this dilemma. London taxi drivers are uber-geeks, memorizing the entire fractal street network of one of the world’s biggest cities. In fact, they are so specialized that scientists have measured distinct enlargement of a portion of the hippocampus in their brains. Yet another recent study has found that the widespread use of GPS technology for personal navigation is reducing the ability of everyday people to find their way at all. On the one hand, the super geeks who can DIY, on the other, lost sheep perpetually dependent on assistive technology. Before you cry foul, and lament the loss of another basic human ability, let me ask you - are you lamenting the ability to do tell time from environmental cues (destroyed by clocks), to do complex mathematical calculations in your mind (destroyed by calculators), or to remember facts (destroyed by Google)? No, because each of these technologies, to which we’ve outsourced some basic functions, have allowed us to give up some geekery in order to spend our precious brain cycles on more broad, integrative thinking. (Of course, the more worrying part of the study, that atrophy of the hippocampus might be tied to dementia, should not be overlooked. But it’s a very preliminary finding) I have alternated back and forth between geekery and generalism in my own career. I can say without a doubt, I’m happier and more productive, and more relevant, when I’m a generalist.”—In Defense of Generalists | Anthony Townsend (Institute For The Future)
Askaro es un sitio hiperlocal para resolver necesidades e intercambiar información en el ámbito más cercano: el barrio, vecindario o lugar de trabajo. La idea es simple, se hace una pregunta en un lugar concreto situándola sobre un mapa a ver si alguien que conozca la zona dá una respuesta útil y desinteresada.
El conocimiento de nuestros vecinos sobre temas locales es muy valioso, sin embargo es difícil acceder a él. Las guías locales y los sitios web de opiniones ayudan, pero no siempre cubren todos los casos.
Askaro es un experimento, se acaba de lanzar y queda mucho por hacer, pero preferimos salir con un sitio incompleto y escuchar tus ideas.
Para qué tipo de preguntas está pensado Askaro
Preguntas sobre una necesidad o asunto de un barrio o una zona concreta, y que seguro saben la respuesta los que viven allí. Por ejemplo, si hay una tienda que abra hasta más tarde, dónde hay un estudio de yoga bueno y no muy caro, si un barrio es bueno para tener niños, cuando terminarán las obras, etc.
Preguntas para las que no está pensado Askaro
Preguntas no relacionadas con un zona específica, como podría sear tu vecindario o la zona donde trabajas. Por ejemplo, qué ordenador comprar. Askaro es un espacio para resolver problemas y necesidades a nivel local, el mecanismo de pregunta/respuesta no es apropiado para discutir temas generales, como los últimos estrenos de la cartelera.
Crisis Mappers from around the world have been working around the clock to create maps and other tools for relief workers in Haiti. The earthquake caused tremendous damage to the road network and updated maps are necessary to enable food and volunteers to traverse the island.
Shortly there will be a free iPhone app with maps of Haiti coming to the App Store. Andrew Johnson and Jeffrey Johnson (no relation) have adapted an existing iPhone app (www.gaiagps.com) to provide offline maps to for relief workers. It combines Digital Globe (1m resolution), GeoEye (.5m resolution updated on 1/13), and OpenStreetMap (constantly being updated).
This version of Gaia GPS is intended to aid disaster relief for the Haitian earthquake. The app can be used to download maps and satellite imagery of the earthquake area, including up-to-date overlays of disaster sites, hospitals, and other relevant waypoints. The map data is provided by Digital Globe, GeoEye, OpenStreetMap, and the maps are hosted by the New York Public Library.
The app also provides other features that might be relevant to disaster relief efforts:
1) Recording of GPS tracks, waypoints, and geo-tagged photos 2) Import/export GPX tracks and photos 3) Guidance to waypoints and along tracks.
Equipped with an iPhone that records your trajectory with the help of a GPS, you hear along the way the soundtrack of the film that you are walking … As you progress, media previously placed in the territory are called up into your film: the form of the trajectory becomes the form of the film. Once the walk is complete, you can find your film on an internet site, choose to share it with the other users and watch their films.
This website is still under developpment: only 20% of the functionnalities are implemented - it gives only a “mechanical” idea of the potential of the concept.
The movies that are presented do not match our minimal expectation:
- there is no overlapping of the choosen media over the recorded trajectory - there is no relation between the recorded speed and the lenght of the media - there is no thematic continuation.
We hope that we can correct those bugs and recalculate the movies according to our artistic expectations.
Relógio, trânsito, prazos, reuniões… Em meio à turbulência do dia-a-dia, agora você vai poder sintonizar o ritmo da natureza por alguns instantes.
Quando estiver esperando um metrô ou ônibus, a caminho do trabalho, enquanto esperar por um amigo num café ou até mesmo no computador durante uma pausa do trabalho ou estudo: escape → natureza!
Diante da crescente produção de lixo tecnológico e outros desequilíbrios ambientais, a arte não se exime. O diálogo com problemas ecológicos mostra-se indispensável e o papel da tecnologia hesita. De ferramenta, suporte e conceito, ela passa a ser o cerne de muitos questionamentos de artistas - ativistas ou não.
O projeto escape → natureza surgiu do interesse em ampliar a relação das pessoas com o meio ambiente. Através de imagens capturadas em viagens ou no dia-a-dia, o site possibilita a apreciação de situações e paisagens naturais.
O objetivo é que cada vídeo exibido crie um hiato de tranqüilidade diante do ritmo frenético da rotina e provoque reflexão sobre as relações entre ambiente e tecnologia. Este conceito permeia o próprio modelo de fruição do projeto: uma mobilidade possível através de recursos tecnológicos para exibir situações inusitadas ou triviais na vida urbana.
Karla Brunet [coordenação, website, criação, imagens, edição]
The event is dedicated to architects, historians, researchers, essayists, artists and authors, aiming at the reunion of a critical and creative international group for the cultural studies in architecture.
What kinds of stories do spaces and buildings “tell” us? What insights on architectural knowledge and experience can literary forms convey? Are designs, buildings and cities somehow a fabrication on the world? Does form follows fiction? Can fiction foresee architecture and urban futures?
The conference will tackle the reciprocal influences between architecture and fiction, whether they emerge under literary forms or other means related to visual narratives and popular culture.
… About five years ago, Richard Nisbett, a professor of psychology, wrote "The Geography of Thought." This fascinating book drew on extensive research pointing to fundamental cultural differences in how we see the world. Specifically, he contrasted an East Asian way of seeing the world with a more traditional Western way of seeing.
While it would be difficult to summarize Nisbett’s rich analysis, I want to focus on a key distinction that he develops in his analysis of two cultural ways of perceiving our world. He suggests that East Asians focus on relationships as the key dimension of the world around us while Westerners tend to focus more on isolated objects. In other words, East Asians tend to adopt more holistic views of the world while Westerners are more oriented to reductionist views.
As Nisbett points out, the Greek philosophers gave us the notion that “the world is fundamentally static and unchanging.” East Asians tend to focus on oscillations and cycles which acknowledge change but contain it in relatively narrow fields – the world is in flux but it does not head in fundamentally different directions over long periods of time.
So, there is another dimension that differentiates perception – and this is a point that Nisbett sadly does not explore or develop. Some of us tend to view the world in static terms while others focus on the deep dynamics that lead to fundamental transformations over time
… We have decided we are no longer willing to continue censoring our results on Google.cn, and so over the next few weeks we will be discussing with the Chinese government the basis on which we could operate an unfiltered search engine within the law, if at all. We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google.cn, and potentially our offices in China.
“Nothing is original. Steal from anywhere that resonates with inspiration or fuels your imagination. Devour old films, new films, music, books, paintings, photographs, poems, dreams, random conversations, architecture, bridges, street signs, trees, clouds, bodies of water, light and shadows. Select only things to steal from that speak directly to your soul. If you do this, your work (and theft) will be authentic. Authenticity is invaluable; originality is nonexistent. And don’t bother concealing your thievery — celebrate it if you feel like it. In any case, always remember what Jean-Luc Godard said: “It’s not where you take things from — it’s where you take them to”.”—Quote by Jim Jarmusch (taken from The Golden Rules of Filming), en Pasta&Vinegar - ‘Nothing is original’
Using the data request service provided by the UN Population Division, we have assembled and georeferenced the data from the World Urbanization Prospects, 2007 revision. This database represents the historic, current and future estimates and projections with number of inhabitants for the world’s largest urban areas from 1950-2050. The data covers cities and other urban areas with more than 750,000 people.
Data was retrieved from World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database(online database), accessed June 8, 2009. The population data was related to the ESRI Data & Maps 2008 cities dataset, where names matched, and coordinates for matching cities were retrieved using Hawhts’ Tools. Cities not matched were researched using Google Earth and Wikipedia on June 9, 2009. Most coordinates were retrieved from the coordinate pages on the latter source (toolserver/geohack). The data was rendered as an event layer in ArcGIS, and then exported as a shape file. The exercise was performed using Microsoft Access and Excel, in combination with ArcGIS and Google Earth Pro.
The database is available for unrestricted download, under the Creative Commons 2.5 Attribution License. This entitles you to reuse and modify the data, as long as Nordpil and the UN Population Division are properly credited.
Social innovation is a process of change where new ideas emerge from a variety of actors directly involved in the problem to be solved: final users, grass roots technicians and entrepreneurs, local institutions and civil society organizations. The main way in which it differs from traditional “garage” innovation is that here the “inventors” are groups of people (the “creative communities”) and the results are forms of organization (the “collaborative services”).
… social innovation flourishes when two contemporary conditions are given: when society is facing difficult problems and when some new technologies, having spread in it, open new and (partly) still unexplored possibilities …
… in the complexity of the contemporary society it is possible to recognize promising cases of social innovation …
… to recombine existing entities (technologies, organizations, both traditional and new existing ideas) to give them a new use and meaning (that is exactly what, in one of its best definition, creativity is). At the same time, they have shown an incredible skill and sensitivity in term of entrepreneurship, as every one of the new solutions they invented had to be imagined, realized, and managed in the real world and in economic terms …
… positive interplay between creative people, proactive local institutions, and sensitive entrepreneurs:
- creative people who imagine (and actively participate to) new proposals;
- proactive local institutions who understand the social value of these new proposals, tolerate them even when, as it frequently happens, operate at the margins (or even beyond) some existing laws – but it has to be said that creativity, by definition, has to break something in the existing order!) and develop innovative governance tools that permit to support the new initiatives;
- sensitive entrepreneurs, who recognize in the emerging social innovations new explicit or latent demands, and therefore, new business opportunities.
Tipologías de servicios digitales para la innovación social:
Abstract: Plans to solve complex environmental problems should always consider the role of surprise. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to emphasize known computable aspects of a problem while neglecting aspects that are unknown and failing to ask questions about them. The tendency to ignore the noncomputable can be countered by considering a wide range of perspectives, encouraging transparency with regard to conflicting viewpoints, stimulating a diversity of models, and managing for the emergence of new syntheses that reorganize fragmentary knowledge.
… In recent years, close attention has been paid to the ways in which mobile phones in particular, and information and communication technologies (ICTs) in general, are redefining and reconstructing experiences and understandings of time and space (Castells 2000, Ling and Pedersen 2005, Maroon 2006). For many, the “perpetual contact” granted by mobile phones has been perceived as intrusive; various studies have reflected on the invasion of the public space with private talk, and argued that growing mobile phone use was leading to a decline of the public sphere and a correlated erosion of privacy (see the edited volume by Katz and Aakhus 2002). However, the “communication revolution” (Osborn 2008:317) currently underway in southern Mozambique appears to be occasioning quite the opposite by providing individuals with a level of privacy that many had never even dreamed of (see also Hahn and Kibora 2008, Ito 2005, and Maroon 2006). Indeed, local discourses are all about evaluating the mobile phone’s effects on intimate relationships. In Inhambane, like in most of sub-Saharan Africa, land-line infrastructure remains weakly developed and most people have passed “from no phone to cell phone” (Orlove 2005:699). As such, a mobile phone is not a better telecommunication tool; it is a tool that makes telecommunication possible often for the very first time, thus opening up entirely new spaces and possibilities.
In Inhambane, normative discourses paint a strict sexual division of courtship in which men are defined as the active players. They are the ones who have to demonstrate their interest and their worthiness to the women they like, while the latter are expected to feign complete disinterest. Before mobile phones, that is, only a few years ago, opportunities for young men and women to meet and flirt were rather limited and courtship was usually a mediated affair. Young men relied on family members or neighbours to make their interests in a woman known. Wedding negotiations were usually the preserve of fathers and uncles, thus excluding, at least to some extent, the couple concerned (Junod 1966). For those who preferred more direct communication, there was the possibility of sending love letters, but, as many recalled, the time delay was often demotivating. Young men would also “hunt” women by hanging out in the alleys leading to the market. Many still do. Being a public space, however, the alley offers serious restrictions as a courtship space. With the entry of mobile phones, courtship has become less mediated, more personal, much easier (in theory, at least) and, ultimately, more private. As Fakira, a young Mozambican man explained: “Before, when I wanted to talk to a girl I liked, I would risk getting beaten by her brothers or her boyfriend. Now, I just phone her!”
In a context where privacy is scarce and where discreetness is highly valued, the invisible realm of mobile telecommunication becomes invaluable to the consolidation and management of intimate relationships away from the gaze of family members, neighbours and other partners. As a result, relationships are consolidated, which might not have been, were it not for mobile phones. What is more, multiple relationships become easier to manage (cf. Horst and Miller 2006). Owing to the creation of this new space, endeavours to transcend the state of surveillance that characterises daily life become more successful, and the power relations reproduced through this control, more easily challenged. Like fences, however, phones often provide only a false sense of privacy. They might help conceal secrets, but they can as easily reveal them by providing proofs of unfaithfulness, through intercepted phone calls or text messages…
In a context where privacy is scarce and where discreetness is highly valued, the invisible realm of mobile telecommunication becomes invaluable to the consolidation and management of intimate relationships away from the gaze of family members, neighbours and other partners. As a result, relationships are consolidated, which might not have been, were it not for mobile phones. What is more, multiple relationships become easier to manage (cf. Horst and Miller 2006). Owing to the creation of this new space, endeavours to transcend the state of surveillance that characterises daily life become more successful, and the power relations reproduced through this control, more easily challenged. Like fences, however, phones often provide only a false sense of privacy. They might help conceal secrets, but they can as easily reveal them by providing proofs of unfaithfulness, through intercepted phone calls or text messages.
Fuegos que no nos queman sino que nos envenenan. Todos los días cientos de “pequeñas” fogatas arden por toda la provincia, entre Nápoles y Caserta. De manera especial en los territorios de los ayuntamientos de Giugliano, Qualiano y Villaricca. Tristemente conocidos como la tierra de los fuegos, también en el best seller Gomorra.
Lo que nos cuenta el escritor y periodista Roberto Saviano en este libro no es más que la realidad. Se podría decir que fue hasta demasiado “bueno”.
A juzgar por las grabaciones realizadas y las pruebas recogidas, dada la situación actual, el fenómeno es mucho más grave de lo que podíamos imaginar. Con nuestro esfuerzo, no hemos hecho más que recoger y difundir las pruebas de todo ello.
En estos incendios, que ahora se llaman “hogueras”, se quema de todo. Se pega fuego a residuos especiales. Materiales que no deberían quemarse ni tirarse en plena calle. Menos aún en el campo, cerca de granjas, campos de frutales y todo género de cultivo.
Parece que esta sociedad no tiene nada de civismo. Pese a ello, quiero mantener la esperanza y ser optimista. De ahí que, junto con algunos amigos hayamos puesto en marcha este espacio de denuncia e información.
Creemos que los cientos de miles de personas que pueblan nuestra tierra, en realidad, no son muy conscientes. De hecho, aunque hay quien de vez en cuando algo ve, no se hace una idea de lo grave y dramática que es la situación.
Todos han de saber cómo están las cosas: los “buenos” así como los “Malos”.
(dis)location - Salvador explora a geografia de varias comunidades em Salvador, Brasil, através de narrativas orais de habitantes locais. Cinco narradores nos levam a um passeio pelas suas respectivas vizinhanças como parte de uma trajetoria pessoal da vida do seu dia a dia.
O projeto foi realizado durante o estágio de uma residencia artística do Instituto Two Heads situado no bairro central 2 de Julho de Salvador. A primeira filmagem do projeto (dis)location ocorre em Salvador, Brasil, e os narradores do filme (dis)location – Salvador são as pessoas que eu encontrei durante minha estadia na cidad
A jornada de navegação através de mapas feitos a mão com o intuito de descobrir vida e memoria em um outro bairro faz parte da proposta artística na qual se baseia o projeto (dis)location – Salvador. Este projeto é portanto parte de um projeto maior que pode ser realizado em qualquer lugar do mundo como um projeto de mapear as historias locai
O conceito central dessa obra é que a percepção é algo dinâmico dependendo da nossa condição e posição no tempo e no espaco. A exploração das geografias físicas, psicológicas e sociais expressa um desejo de aprofundar a percepção dentro de um processo de fazer visiveis as realidades sociais. Dessa forma, (dis)location torna-se um projeto enraigado que procura explorar as historias pouco ouvidas da trajetoria humana dentro de uma prática que rastreia e documenta movimento pelo espaco através do desenho manual e da voz de um mapa subjetivo de um espaço físico ou de uma paisagem urban
Esse documentario de um passeio de uma narrativa oral no espaço pode ser vivenciado de varias formas: pode-se ve-lo através de um tour virtual de cada bairro navegando-se pelo mapa desenhado a mão. Uma versão podcast e uma aplicação celular com GPS possibilitam uma navegação dos mapas feitos a mão em qualquer lugar do mundo ou no site, escutando-se as narrativas das historias locais e a caminhada. O documentario (dis)location – Salvador em forma de filme tambem esta disponivel para apresentações.